Classics Calendar for April 30

Edouard Manet's Luncheon on the Grass (detail)

Here are today's milestones:

Born on this day:

Franz Lehar (1870; died October 24, 1948) Austro-Hungarian composer whose many operettas include Die lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow)

Annie Dillard (1945) American writer; Pilgrim at Tinker Creek; Holy the Firm; For the Time Being; An American Childhood; The Maytrees; Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction (1975)

Died on this day:

Lucan (65; born November 3, 39) Roman poet known for Pharsalia or De Bello Civili (On the Civil War); perhaps Laus Pisonis (Praise of Piso)

Edouard Manet (1883; born January 23, 1832) French painter; Luncheon on the Grass; Olympia; A Bar at the Folies-Bergère; Young Flautist or The Fifer

A. E. Housman (1936; born March 26, 1859) English poet and scholar; A Shropshire Lad

Adolf Hitler (1945; born April 20, 1889) Austrian-German politician; Mein Kampf (My Struggle)

Nagai Kafu (1959; born December 3, 1879) Japanese novelist, short-story writer, playwright, essayist, and diarist; Ude Kurabe (Geisha in Rivalry); Amerika Monogatari (American Stories); Sumidagawa (Sumida River); Bokuto Kidan (A Strange Tale from East of the River); films The Strange Story of Oyuki; Bungō: Sasayaka na yokubō; Yume no onna (Yearning)

Sergio Leone (1989; born January 3, 1929) Italian filmmaker; the Dollars trilogy (A Fistful of Dollars; For a Few Dollars More; The Good, the Bad and the Ugly); Once Upon a Time in the West; Once Upon a Time in America

Bonus Classic:

The Poem of the Cid (end of the 12th century) Spanish epic poem about a hero named "El Cid" (Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar) and his role in evicting the Moors from Spain

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