Classics Calendar for January 29

Faux Hitler in the "play within a play"
in Ernst Lubitsch's To Be or Not to Be

Here are today's milestones:

Born on this day:

Emanuel Swedenborg (1688; died January 29, 1688) Swedish scientist and philosopher; True Christian Religion; Heaven and Hell

Anton Chekhov (1860; died July 15, 1904) Russian playwright and short story writer,; Uncle Vanya; The Cherry Orchard; Three Sisters; "The Darling"

Romain Rolland (1866; died December 30, 1944) French playwright, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic; Jean-Christophe (10 volumes); Colas Breugnon; Clérambault; Pierre et Luce; L'âme enchantée (7 volumes); biographical essays including those of Ramakrishna and Vivekananda; Nobel Prize in Literature (1915)

Ernst Lubitsch (1892; died November 30, 1947) German-American filmmaker; Ninotchka; Trouble in Paradise; The Shop Around the Corner; Heaven Can Wait; To Be or Not to Be; Honorary Academy Award, (1946)

Edward Abbey (1927; died March 14, 1989) American novelist and essayist; The Monkey Wrench Gang; Desert Solitaire

Died on this day:

Edward Lear (1888; born May 12, 1812) English artist and writer; A Book of Nonsense; "The Owl and the Pussycat"

Sara Teasdale (1933; born August 8, 1884) American poet known for Flame and Shadow; Love Songs; Pulitzer: Special Citation (Letters, 1918)

H. L. Mencken (1956; born September 12, 1880) American man of letters known for The American Language

Robert Frost (1963; born March 26, 1874) American poet; "Mending Wall"; "The Road Not Taken"; "Fire and Ice"; "Nothing Gold Can Stay"; "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"; four Pulitzer Prizes (1924, 1931, 1937, 1943)

Inoue Yasushi (1991; born May 6, 1907) Japanese poet, essayist, short fiction writer, and novelist; Aru gisakka no shogai (The Counterfeiter); Wind and Waves; Tun-huang; Confucius; Shirobamba; Asunaro Monogatari; Ryoju; The Bullfight; The Roof Tile of Tempyo; Lou-Lan; The Flood

Bonus Classic:

Cao Xueqin (c. 1720-c. 1764) Chinese author; Dream of the Red Chamber (Honglou Meng), one of the "Four Great Classical Novels"

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