Classics Calendar for September 28

Illustration from an 1892 edition of
Herman Melville's Moby-Dick

Here are today's milestones:

Born on this day:

Confucius (551 BCE; died unknown date, 479 BCE) Chinese philosopher; credited with three of Confucianism's "Four Books" (the fourth is The Mencius, attributed to Mencius, a disciple of Confucius's grandson): Da Xue (The Great Learning); Zhong Yong (The Doctrine of the Mean); and Lun Yu (The Analects). Also attributed to Confucius (but, like the three books, probably written by his disciples) are the "Five Classics": Chunqiu (The Spring and Autumn Annals); I Ching (The Book of Changes); Liji (The Classic of Rites); Shijing (The Classic of Poetry); and Shujing, or Shangshu (The Classic of History / Books / Documents). Of all these, The Analects is probably most important.

Elmer Rice (1892; died May 8, 1967) American playwright best known for The Adding Machine; Street Scene; Dream Girl; Not for Children; Pulitzer Prize for Drama (1929)

Died on this day:

Herman Melville (1891; born August 1, 1819) American novelist, short story writer, and poet whose best known works include Typee; Moby Dick; Billy Budd; "Bartleby, the Scrivener"

Louis Pasteur (1895; born December 27, 1822) French chemist and microbiologist who wrote Germ Theory and Its Applications to Medicine

André Breton (1966; born February 19, 1896) French writer and poet; Surrealist Manifesto; poems

John Dos Passos (1970; born January 14, 1896) American novelist who wrote Manhattan Transfer; and the "U.S.A. trilogy": The 42nd Parallel; 1919; and The Big Money

Miles Davis (1991; born May 26, 1926) American jazz artist known for Round About Midnight; Sketches of Spain; Milestones; Kind of Blue

Elia Kazan (2003; born September 7, 1909) Greek-American filmmaker and writer known for A Streetcar Named Desire; On the Waterfront; and East of Eden

Arthur Penn (2010; born September 27, 1922) American filmmaker whose films include The Miracle Worker; The Chase; Bonnie and Clyde; Alice's Restaurant; Little Big Man

Bonus Classic:

The Panchatantra (3rd century BCE?) ancient Indian stories of the Buddha's previous lives, told for moral instruction

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