Classics Calendar for May 22

Sidney Paget's illustration of Arthur
Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes struggling
with his nemesis James Moriarty

Here are today's milestones:

Born on this day:

Richard Wagner (1813; died February 13, 1883) German composer; Rienzi; Tannhauser; Lohengrin; Tristan und Isolde; Der Ring des Nibelungen

Mary Cassatt (1844; died June 14, 1926) American painter; The Boating Party; Two Women Throwing Flowers During Carnival; Spanish Dancer Wearing a Lace Mantilla; Little Girl in a Blue Armchair; The Child's Bath

Arthur Conan Doyle (1859; died July 7, 1930) Scottish writer; creator of Sherlock Holmes and Professor Challenger

Died on this day:

Alessandro Manzoni (1873; born March 7, 1785) Italian poet and novelist; I Promessi Sposi (The Betrothed)

Victor Hugo (1885; born February 26, 1802) French writer; The Hunchback of Notre-Dame; Les Misérables

Langston Hughes (1967; born February 1, 1902) American poet, novelist, and playwright; poetry The Weary Blues; Montage of a Dream Deferred; short story collection The Ways of White Folks; poems "The Negro Speaks of Rivers"; "Harlem"; "Dreams"

Joseph Wood Krutch (1970; born November 25, 1893) American writer, critic, and naturalist; The Desert Year; The Twelve Seasons; The Measure of Man

Philip Roth (2018; born March 19, 1933) American novelist; Goodbye, Columbus; Portnoy's Complaint; American Pastoral; Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (1998)

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