Classics Calendar for April 16

Detail of Goya's painting Saturn Devouring His Son

Here are today's milestones:

Born on this day:

Anatole France (1844; died October 12, 1924) French poet, journalist, and novelist; Thaïs; At the Sign of the Reine Pédauque; Penguin Island; The Gods Are Athirst; The Revolt of the Angels; Nobel Prize in Literature (1921)

John Millington Synge (1871; died March 24, 1909) Irish playwright, poet, prose writer, travel writer, and folklorist; play The Playboy of the Western World

Charlie Chaplin (1889; died December 25, 1977) English filmmaker; The Gold Rush; City Lights; Modern Times; The Great Dictator; Honorary Academy Award (1972)

Gertrude Chandler Warner (1890; died August 30, 1979) American author of children's books, especially The Boxcar Children

Died on this day:

Aphra Behn (1689; born July 10, 1640) British playwright, poet, and fiction writer; Oroonoko; The Rover; The Fair Jilt

Francisco Goya (1828; born March 30, 1746) Spanish painter; The Second of May; The Third of May; La Maja Desnuda; Saturn Devouring His Son; Charles IV of Spain and His Family; Witches' Sabbath; Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zúñiga

Alexis de Tocqueville (1859; born July 29, 1805) French historian; Democracy in America

Edna Ferber (1968; born August 15, 1885) American novelist, short story writer and playwright; So Big; Cimarron; Show Boat; Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (1925)

Kawabata Yasunari (1972; born June 11, 1899) Japanese novelist and short story writer; novels The Scarlet Gang of Asakusa; Snow Country; The Master of Go; Thousand Cranes; The Old Capital; The Sound of the Mountain; Beauty and Sadness; short-stories "The Dancing Girl of Izu"; Palm-of-the-Hand Stories; Nobel Prize in Literature (1968)

David Lean (1991; born March 25, 1908) English filmmaker; The Bridge on the River Kwai; Lawrence of Arabia; Doctor Zhivago; A Passage to India; two Academy Awards

Ralph Ellison (1994; born March 1, 1914) American novelist and essayist; Invisible Man

Bonus Classic:

Zeng Gong (1019-1083) Chinese historian and travel writer; You Xinzhou Yushan Xiaoyan Ji (Record of a Tour of Xinzhou Yushan?) (one of "Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song") essays

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