Classics Calendar for September 9

Keira Knightley as Anna Karenina in a
2012 film version of Leo Tolstoy's novel

Here are today's milestones:

Born on this day:

Leo Tolstoy (1828; died November 20, 1910) Russian writer known for War and Peace; Anna Karenina; A Confession; The Death of Ivan Ilyich

Mary Hunter Austin (1868; died August 13, 1934) American writer; The Land of Little Rain; The Land of Journeys' Ending

Died on this day:

Ihara Saikaku (1693; born Unknown Date, 1642) Japanese writer known for the "floating world" genre of Japanese prose: Life of an Amorous Man; This Scheming World; Five Women Who Loved Love

Stéphane Mallarmé (1898; born March 18, 1842) French poet known for "L'après-midi d'un faune" ("The Afternoon of a Faun"); "Un Coup de Dés Jamais N'Abolira Le Hasard" ("A Throw of the Dice will Never Abolish Chance"); Poésies

Hugh MacDiarmid (1978; born August 11, 1892) Scottish poet and essayist known for A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1901; born November 24, 1864) French painter known for paintings of Paris night-life in the late 19th century, such as At the Moulin Rouge

Bonus Classic:

The Upanishads, especially Brhadaranyaka, Katha, Kena, Mundaka (earliest from 1st-millennium BCE) foundational texts of Indian religious philosophy

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